Scalable Business Models for Alternative Biomass Cooking Fuels and Their Potential in Sub-Saharan Africa

Holistic intervention strategies that fully incorporate fuels are being pursued for the clean cooking sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. This report focuses on the potential for scaling biofuel
markets in the region for cooking as opposed to heating or industrial uses, specifically carbonized and uncarbonized biomass briquettes, biomass pellets, ethanol fuel, and ethanol gel. Models are explored for scaling the cooking fuel value chains while balancing the environmental health, social, and economic impacts of the fuels at the household and national level. While this report focuses solely on pellets, briquettes and ethanol, referred to here as alternative biofuels, LPG, electricity, and biogas also have a role to play in a clean cooking ecosystem.