Comparative Analysis of Fuels for Cooking.

The study evaluates various cooking fuels using life cycle assessment (LCA), a method for comprehensive, quantified evaluations on the environmental benefits and tradeoffs for the entire life cycle of a product system, beginning with raw material extraction and continuing through the product’s end-of-life. This effort also includes an initial assessment of various economic and social indicators to provide additional considerations to weigh when evaluating fuel choices. The results in this report and accompanying tool (Fuel Analysis, Comparison & Integration Tool or FACIT) can be used to interactively analyze and compare trade-offs of different cooking fuels (assuming representative cookstove efficiencies associated with each fuel); identify the steps in fuel production that have the largest impacts and, thus, present opportunities for improvements; and enhance investment in cleaner cooking fuels through increased awareness of the associated environmental, economic, and gender and livelihood benefits.